Thermally sprayed coatings are intrinsically associated with residual stresses in the deposits. These stresses are varied in nature and magnitude, and have a pronounced effect on the mechanical behavior of the system. In the current study, WC-12Co coatings were deposited using HVOF thermal spraying. The sin2ψ method was used to evaluate the through thickness residual stress by means of XRD after mechanical layer removal process. A nonlinear explicit-implicit finite element model was developed to study the peening and thermal stress during the high velocity impact of WC-12Co particle and cooling the splat and coating layers. The average of through thickness residual stress using X-Ray diffraction and numerical model was -157.1 MPa and -133.4 MPa respectively. The results showed that the residual stress was compressive and had a good agreement with the experimental results in literature.