2Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
This study presents a new mechanical tube cladding process named punch plastic deformation pipe cladding (PPDPC) based on local deformation by pressing a punch into the inner layer of the bimetal tube. To investigate the capability of the process, stainless steel tube (as the inner layer) is bonded to a carbon steel pipe (as the outer layer) to fabricate a bimetal pipe. Shear punch tests were used to evaluate the bond strength between layers. Also, optical microscopy (OM) was employed to investigate the bonding interface. Experimental results showed an excellent bonding at the interface of two layers. Shear punch test results showed that the bonding achieved from this new method is stronger than the conventional thermo-hydraulic cladding method. This process is influenced by several parameters including punch diameters, punch nose radius and the friction coefficient between the punch and cladding tube. The effects of these parameters were evaluated by finite element (FE) analysis. Good bonding, simplicity, lower cost and no change in the microstructure of the main pipe (outer layer) are the major advantages of this process.
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