Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
High-pressure torsion (HPT) is a metal processing method in which the sample is subjected to a very high plastic shear deformation. This process can produce exceptional levels of grain refinement, and provides a corresponding improvement in mechanical properties. To investigate the stress and strain distribution due to HPT process finite element simulation were conducted to investigate effective parameters. The simulation results demonstrate that the lowest effective strain obtained in the centers of the disk and the highest at the edges. Also, the mean stress varies linearly from the center of the disk to the edge region. The compressive stresses are higher in the disk centers and lower at the edges. By increasing the friction coefficient and the die angle, mean stress decrease and stress variation along the disc diameters become more homogeneous. Increasing of the pressure load leads to increase the mean stress and its heterogeneity along the disc radius.
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