1Department of Engineering Materials, TarbiatModares University, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Engineering Materials, TarbiatModares University, Tehran, Iran -Iranian National Centre for Laser Science and Technology (INLC), Tehran, Iran
This work studied the effect of additions of carbon dioxide to argon shielding gas on the weld shape and microstructure of ST14 steel in pulsed Nd: YAG laser welding. By additions of carbon dioxide up to 15%,the weld area and depth/width ratio decreases while rising of carbon dioxide up to 25% causes increasing of weld area and depth/width ratio. It is observed that the weld metal microstructure is mainly constructed from polygonal ferrite under 0 to 15% CO2 additions to argon, but both polygonal and acicular ferrites are observed as the CO2 level of Ar+ CO2 mixtures increases from 15 to 25%. The shape and microstructure of pulsed Nd: YAG laser welds is believed to be closely related to laser absorption coefficient, laser energy absorption on the work-piece surface and formation of oxide layer on the work-piece surface.