1M. Sc. Student, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Shahid Chamran university of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
2Department of Material Science and Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
In this study, an attempt was made to minimize the corrosion rate and maximize pitting potential of dissimilar metal welded joints of A387-Gr91/AISI316 steels. Process parameters of the pulsed current gas tungsten arc welding (PCGTAW) including of peak current (P), background current (B), pulse frequency (F), and on time percentage (O) were chosen as the influencing factors on corrosion behavior. Design of Experiments (DOE) were done using Taguchi’s L9 (34) orthogonal array. Signal to noise (S/N) ratio Analysis indicated that corrosion rate was affected by peak current, frequency, on time percentage, and background current whereas pitting potential was mostly influenced by on time percentage, peak current, frequency, and background current, respectively. Optimum conditions of P, B, F, and O factors were found as 135A, 75A, 10Hz, 80% for Corrosion rate and 120A, 60A, 6Hz, 60% for pitting potential, respectively. Furthermore, analysis of variance (ANOVA) demonstrated that the contribution of P, B, F, and O were 28.79%, 13.06%, 28.63%, and 29.51% for corrosion rate and 13.97%, 2.79%, 12.20%, and 71.04% for pitting potential, respectively. Results from welded samples at optimum conditions, showed good agreement with predicted values for corrosion rate and pitting potential.