Improving the surface wear resistance of aluminum by electrical discharge process

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Phd student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol, Iran

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

3 Babol University of Technology

4 Associate professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol, Iran

Abstract

In this study electrical discharge process was used to increase surface wear resistance of pure aluminum. Pulse-on-time and pulse current were considered as input parameters of the electrical discharge process. Experimental results reveal that the electrical discharge process is a successful method for improving the surface wear resistance of aluminum, so that this method has greatly increased the surface wear resistance of aluminum parts. Results indicate that with increase input parameters (pulse-on-time and pulse current) weight loss of the aluminum specimens is reduced and the wear resistance increases. The XRD analysis demonstrated that Al3Ni2 and AlCu intermetallic compound and Al4C3 were formed on alloyed surface. The presence of these compounds and hard particles at the surface increases the wear resistance. Also, friction coefficient measurements show that, after electrical discharge process and improving surface wear resistance, the friction coefficient slightly increased due to the presence of hard particles on the alloyed surface.

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