Document Type: Research Paper
Advanced Materials Research Center, Department of Materials Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran.
Islamic Azad University- Najafabad Branch
The microstructure and mechanical properties of a centrifugally Cast G-NiCrTi28W heat resistant alloy and effects of the elements migration from matrix phase to grain boundary have been stated and the effects of microstructure and composition changes on the life of reformer tubes from a direct reduction iron plant have been assessed. For this purpose, one sample from the as-cast tubes, and one from the aged tubes at 1100 °C for about 8 years, were used. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) analysis of two tubes were done. In as-cast tubes, the Cr7C3 primary chromium carbides and niobium-tungsten carbides were identified. Aging promoted the occurrence of different phenomena such as the transformation of Cr7C3 primary carbides to Cr23C6 secondary carbides, and the transformation of niobium-tungsten carbide to the M6C tungsten carbides. It was found that aging promoted the reduction in tensile strength from 580 MPa to 100 MPa and the increase in elongation from around 6% to around 30%. According to the results of the creep test at 960 °C and 52 MPa, no rupture occurs on the as-cast reformer tube during the test time.